How a Violin is Made
Selecting the right piece of wood
Storing materials 24 hours a day, 365 days a year
The wood that will eventually be used to make a violin is stored in a temperature and humidity controlled room 24 hours a day, 365 days a year, to preserve the moisture in the wood.
Top plate materials come from fir trees
Top plate materials come from the resonant and light, but hard, spruce tree, which is a type of pine tree in the fir family. The spruce looks like the type of fir trees that are used as Christmas trees. Strong pieces in which the fibers run straight are selected, and a hatchet is used to split it so that the fibers are not cut.
Matching two symmetrical trapezoids
When cutting material from a tree, the outer portion where the age rings are denser is cut thicker, which forms a trapezoid as shown in the diagram. When the left and right sides are put together, the outer portion, which is the hardest portion because of the denser age rings, falls in the middle, where the bridge is placed. This also makes the grain of the wood symmetrical, which means the vibration qualities are symmetrical as well.
Craftsmanship is also important!
Maple is used for the bottom and side plates because of its beautiful wood grain pattern. Practical considerations are not the only concern. Craftsmanship is also important.