The Structure of the Acoustic Guitar
How a guitar makes sound

Guitars consist of two sections: the neck and the body. Strings are run from the neck to the body. When a string is plucked its vibration is transmitted from the bridge, resonating throughout the top of the guitar. It is also transmitted to the side and back of the instrument, resonating through the air in the body, finally producing sound from the sound hole.

Acoustic guitar parts

The entire display
  • Head
  • Tuning keys/pegs
  • Neck
  • Nut
  • Fingerboard
  • Strings
  • Position markers
  • Frets
  • Body
  • Sound hole
  • Pick guard
  • Bridge
  • Saddle
  • Bridge pins
  • Strap button
  • Top
  • Back
  • Side

*Select any name to zoom in on the part.

The top of the guitar, also called the soundboard, plays a crucial role in producing sound. It is made from wood that is lighter and offers even better sound transmission than that used in the sides or back of the instrument. Although some players put stickers or other decorations on the top, doing so is not recommended as it can cause the sound to suffer. You may wonder, then, why there is a pick guard installed on the top. Actually, this is sort of a necessary evil, as it prevents the pick from striking the top and scratching it.

Picks used for steel strings

Picks used for steel strings