Protection of Biodiversity

  1. Responsibility as a Company Using Timber
  2. Environmental Preservation and Biodiversity Protection Initiatives

The Yamaha Group conducts business activities that utilize natural resources, such as the timber used as a raw material to make a variety of products including acoustic musical instruments, and the ecosystems that produce these resources. The Group promotes appropriate business activities and appropriate timber use as well as environmental preservation activities based on its commitments for the preservation of forests and the protection of biodiversity, as stated in the Yamaha Group Sustainability Policy and the Yamaha Group Environmental Policy.

Chemical Substance-Related Initiatives

To limit the impact of chemical substances on the environment and ecosystems, the Yamaha Group is working to enhance management and reduce usage of chemical substances while implementing measures to prevent leakage.

Water Quality Preservation

The Yamaha Group is building treatment facilities and conducting monitoring and audits to prevent wastewater from factories from contaminating public water systems, soil, and groundwater.

Evaluation of the Impact of Factory Wastewater on Ecosystems (Toyooka Factory)

Yamaha Music Manufacturing Japan Corporation, which is located within the Yamaha Corporation Toyooka Factory, conducts the production of wind instruments. Wastewater containing chemical substances from the wind instrument production process at this company is detoxified before being released into waterways. The impact of such factory wastewater is evaluated using the bioresponsive Whole Effluent Toxicity method,* and these evaluations have confirmed that the impact on ecosystems is minimal.

  • * The Whole Effluent Toxicity method is a wastewater management method that evaluates whether wastewater from factories and business sites is harmful to ecosystems by measuring the impact on the existence, growth, and reproduction of aquatic organisms, such as algae, water fleas, and fish in diluted wastewater.

Preservation of Forests and Natural Environments

Yamaha Forest Activities in Indonesia

[ logo ] Yamaha Forest Logo Mark

Over the period spanning from fiscal 2006 to fiscal 2017, Yamaha Corporation and six local Indonesian subsidiaries carried out Yamaha Forest activities in the form of planting saplings in Indonesia, thus contributing to the regional society.
Indonesia is a treasure trove of diverse species. In recent years, however, the forests that produce the bounty of biodiversity have been in rapid decline. Phase 1 activities of the Yamaha Forest project began in fiscal 2006 and involved planting approximately 110,000 saplings over roughly 127 hectares of public land in Sukabumi, West Java in a joint effort to restore the functionality of forests by Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd., and its subsidiaries. This area has been designated by the provincial government as HUNTAN KOTA (city forest preserve) and is managed appropriately. Phase 2 of the Yamaha Forest project, which commenced in fiscal 2011, involved planting approximately 50,000 saplings over about 50 hectares of arid land in Mt. Ciremai National Park in Kuningan, West Java to regenerate natural forests and restore ecosystems. In a joint effort with the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), the Ministry of Forestry of Indonesia, and the Forestry Department of the University of Kuningan, we planted tree types selected based on academic studies in order to restore natural forests and rehabilitate ecosystems in accordance with regional characteristics. Furthermore, annual tree planting events saw participation by local associates. These events consisted of commemorative tree planting and environmental education programs for children from local communities. Yamaha Corporation transferred control of this area to Mt. Ciremai National Park in fiscal 2017, and the area is being preserved for future generations through the management of the local government and other people involved.
In fiscal 2018, the Company confirmed the status of forest growth using satellite imagery and estimated the CO2 emissions absorbed by the trees in the Yamaha Forest areas from both Phases 1 and 2 of the project. The Company estimates that approximately 42,000 tons of CO2 have been absorbed to date.

Record of Yamaha Forest Activities in Indonesia
  Phase 1
(Fiscal 2006-2010)
Phase 2
(Fiscal 2011-2015)
Sponsor Yamaha Corporation and six local Indonesian subsidiaries
Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd. and two local Indonesian subsidiaries
Yamaha Corporation and six local Indonesian subsidiaries
Cooperation The Organization for Industrial, Spiritual and Cultural
Advancement International
JICA, Local National Park Management Office, National Kuningan University Forest Department
Location Sukabumi Regency, West Java, Indonesia Mt. Ciremai National Park, Kuningan, West Java, Indonesia
Period Period From December 2005 to March 2010 From December 2010 to March 2015 (planting activities)
April 2015 to March 2017 (Maintenance)
Main cause of forest loss Destructive deforestation Forest fires
Purpose Recovery of biodiversity, water source protection, prevention of soil erosion, and CO2 absorption and fixation Recovery of biodiversity, water source protection, prevention of soil erosion, and CO2 absorption and fixation
Area Approx. 126.7 ha Approx. 50 ha
Number of trees planted 115,110 52,870
Type of tree Total of 21 including mahogany, teak (Tectona grandis), Paraserianthes falcataria, eucalyptus, melina, and meranti Total of 46 indigenous species selected based on vegetation surveys (bayur (Pterospermum acerifolium), Peutag, Salam, Acacia Mimosa, Teurap, etc.)
Details of activities
  • Tree planting and management
  • Tree planting ceremony (total of 9,180 participants)
  • Environmental education activities (planting activities at farmers’ groups and schools, etc.)
  • Education support (donations of desks, chairs, etc.)
  • Regional support (construction of community water areas)
  • Tree planting and management (participation in JICA’s Rehabilitating Degraded Lands Project for Protection of Biodiversity)
  • Tree planting ceremony (total of 1,300 participants)
  • Environmental education activities for elementary school students
Volume of CO2 absorbed
(Fiscal 2018 estimate)
30,929 tons (12-year total) 11,542 tons (7-year total)
[ photo ] Tree planting event (December 2014)
Planting area at start of tree planting activities in 2011 (left) and after steady growth in 2017 (right)
Satellite imagery of planting area (left: 2009, right: 2017; based on survey performed by Kokusai Kogyo Co., Ltd.)

Enshunada Coastal Forest Recovery Support

In March 2007, Yamaha Corporation signed a supporter of future forests in Shizuoka agreement with Shizuoka Prefecture and Hamamatsu City. Based on this agreement, Yamaha Corporation works to support the reforestation of the Enshunada Coastal Forest owned by Hamamatsu City. These activities include continuously planting saplings in a coastal forest that was seriously damaged by pine weevils. Planted on an annual basis, the trees have been growing steadily.
In November 2020, environmental staff observed the growth of the trees planted thus far, confirming that they have been developing properly.

Record of Tree Planting Activities
Iteration Number of trees planted Types of trees
1st (2007) 115 Ubame oak (Quercus phillyraeoides), Japanese camellia (Camellia japonica), and wax myrtle (Myrica rubra)
2nd (2008) 180 Ubame oak (Quercus phillyraeoides), Japanese camellia (Camellia japonica), wax myrtle (Myrica rubra), and elegance female holly (Ilex integra)
3rd (2009) 150 Japanese camellia (Camellia japonica), ubame oak (Quercus phillyraeoides), elegance female holly (Ilex integra), camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora), yeddo hawthorn (Rhaphiolepis indica var. umbellata), Japanese hackberry (Celtis sinensis var. japonica), and Japanese pittosporum (Pittosporum tobira)
4th (2010) 155 Japanese hackberry (Celtis sinensis var. japonica), camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora), elegance female holly (Ilex integra), ubame oak (Quercus phillyraeoides), Dendropanax trifidus, and yeddo hawthorn (Rhaphiolepis indica var. umbellata)
5th (2011) 160 Wax myrtle (Myrica rubra), kurogane holly (Ilex rotunda), Japanese pittosporum (Pittosporum tobira), Dendropanax trifidus, and border privet (Ligustrum obtusifolium)
6th (2012) 200 Japanese cinnamon (Cinnamomum japonicum), kurogane holly (Ilex rotunda), Daphniphyllum teijsmannii, Japanese spindletree (Euonymus japonicus), and border privet (Ligustrum obtusifolium)
(Activities halted in 2013 for the purpose of constructing tide embankments)
7th (2014) 300 Wax myrtle (Myrica rubra), Japanese hackberry (Celtis sinensis var. japonica), Neolitsea sericea, and black pine (Pinus thunbergii)
8th (2015) 480 Ubame oak (Quercus phillyraeoides), Japanese spindletree (Euonymus japonicus), yeddo hawthorn (Rhaphiolepis indica var. umbellata), Japanese pittosporum (Pittosporum tobira), and black pine (Pinus thunbergii)
9th (2016) 245 Ubame oak (Quercus phillyraeoides), Japanese spindletree (Euonymus japonicus), and black pine (Pinus thunbergii)
10th (2017) 330 Resistant black pine (Pinus thunbergii)
11th (2018) 300 Resistant black pine (Pinus thunbergii)
12th (2019) 300 Resistant black pine (Pinus thunbergii)
Total 2,915  
  • Note: Tree planting activities were canceled in 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic (the growth of trees planted thus far was observed instead).
Tree planting activities
Participants in tree planting activities
Observation of planted tree growth

These activities were given the certification label (smile label) by the office overseeing supporters of future forests in Shizuoka in the Forest Resources Division of the Environmental Protection Bureau of Shizuoka Prefecture's Community and Environmental Affairs Department. This label certifies that these activities serve as a physical contribution (smile 1), a financial contribution (smile 2), and a partnership with the region (smile 3).

Smile 1: Physical contribution
Smile 2: Financial contribution
Smile 3: Partnership with the region

Scarce Species Protection Activities

In September 2019, the Baby Sea Turtle Observation and Sustainable Beach Strategy event planned by Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd., was held at Enshunada Beach in Hamamatsu City, Shizuoka Prefecture. Approximately 60 employees from the Yamaha Group participated. Since 1991, Yamaha Motor has continued to conduct these coastal ecosystem preservation activities to help save loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta), which have been categorized as an endangered species.
On the day of the event, members learned about the habitat and coastal environment of the turtles, released baby turtles into the ocean, and removed waste from the beach. Vegetation not indigenous to the area was also removed from the beach to protect tiger beetles (Chaetodera laetescripta), scarce organisms that live on the sandy beach.

Baby loggerhead sea turtles released into the ocean
Non-indigenous vegetation removal activities