In fiscal 2016, Yamaha Corporation began investigating African blackwood (Dalbergia melanoxylon), an important material used for woodwind instruments. These investigations have been looking at matters such as ecology, resource stocks, and forest management status in Tanzania, where this tree is grown. The goal of these investigations is to help conserve this tree species while securing a stable procurement source. African blackwood is classified as near threatened by the Red List of Threatened Species, which is compiled by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, and a downward trend in the resource volume has been seen in recent years. As a result of investigating the management status of forests and the ecological status of these trees, including distribution, growth, and natural regeneration, we discovered that this resource can be maintained in a sustainable manner through proper forest management. Following these results, we undertook the development of a business model for realizing the sustainable use of this species as a material for musical instruments as a preparatory survey on a base of pyramid (BOP) business with the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA). Taking place over the period spanning from 2016 to 2019, this process included the construction of a value chain for generating a cycle of forest preservation, instrument production, and community development, as we tackled the issues that arose in the pursuit of the quick development of said business model. Furthermore, in 2017 we began conducting regular African blackwood tree planting activities with the goal of fostering future forest resources. The scope of these activities is being expanded as we work together with local NGOs and community members to introduce tree planting and propagation techniques, and saplings cultivation, tree planting, and other forest management activities are becoming entrenched within communities as a result. Currently, three communities are taking part in these activities, and, in fiscal 2022, we planted approximately 4,500 seedlings, making for an aggregate total of around 12,000 saplings planted across an area of roughly 6.5 ha over five years of these activities. The growth status of the planted saplings has been monitored on a regular basis to collect fundamental data for fostering quality trees. In addition, Yamaha Corporation is conducting initiatives aimed at the effective use of existing resources, including procuring timber from forests that have been certified as being sustainably managed and developing elemental technologies for improving the usage efficiency of wood materials.