Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation

  1. Basic Measures and Targets/Achievements
  2. Reduction of Greenhouse Gases

Regarding measures against climate change, the Yamaha Group endeavors to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions through optimization of production methods and equipment configuration, improving air conditioning equipment operational methods, installation of equipment with high energy efficiency, and extensive energy management, including adjustments to facility operating hours and thermostat settings. The Group has also introduced cogeneration systems and fuel switching.
Emission volumes are controlled in accordance with the GHG Protocol*1. The calculation and management of the whole process, including the supply chain (Scope3), began in fiscal 2017. We will continue advancing our reduction measures while improving the accuracy of GHG calculations.

  • *1 Standard for the calculation and reporting of greenhouse gas emissions

Initiatives and Achievements to Date

Yamaha Corporation and its production sites in Japan set the goal to reduce CO2 emissions intensity by 1% each year, and overseas production sites have set their goals using numerical values corresponding to each site, and all locations have proactively worked to achieve their targets.

Scope 1, 2 Achievement (Yamaha Corporation and all production sites)

GHG emission (Scope 1+2)
Total GHG emission (site / yearly emission coefficient)
[ graph ] Total GHG emission (site / yearly emission coefficient)

*GHG … Green House Gas

  • - Combined value of indirect emission through purchased electricity and steam, direct emission of carbon dioxide through in-house power generation heat usage, and GHG emission through manufacturing processes. (Scope 1+2)
  • - This data was collected from Yamaha Group headquarters, major manufacturing factories, and resort facilities on a worldwide basis. (estimated to consist over 90% of all Yamaha Group sites)

Scope 3 calculation (fiscal 2017)

[ graph ] Scope 3 calculation (fiscal 2017)

Manufacturing Process Initiatives

Energy Conservation Activities at String and Percussion Instrument Factory

The Ida Factory of string and percussion instrument manufacturer Yamaha Musical Products Japan Co., Ltd. (currently Yamaha Music Manufacturing Japan Corporation*) established the Energy-saving Promotion Committee in fiscal 2011, and since then has been engaging in initiatives to reduce CO2 emissions. In fiscal 2012, measures taken included ensuring the appropriate pressure for compressors, partitioning work booths, introducing power usage monitors and installing mosquito screens in offices. In fiscal 2014, the company implemented measures to save space and improve energy efficiency by consolidating equipment inside factories and rationalizing equipment layouts. In fiscal 2016, the company applied a thermal-barrier coating on the roof of the factory, improving air conditioning efficiency as a result. The company will continue to conserve energy through appropriate management of air conditioning and process integration.

  • *Name changed following the merger on April 1, 2017.
[ image ] Compressor in which the pressure has been set at an appropriate level
Compressor in which the pressure has been set at an appropriate level

Energy Conservation Measures at Piano Factories

Yamaha Piano Manufacturing Japan Co., Ltd., (currently Yamaha Music Manufacturing Japan Corporation*3) is conducting a range of ongoing efforts to conserve energy.
Specific activities include the removal of unnecessary lighting, changing from rapid-type fluorescent lighting to Hf-type lighting, replacing compressors with inverter compressors, updating distribution transformers and air-conditioning equipment, improving air-conditioning control, and others. With these activities, we have achieved our goal, including reducing CO2 emissions by approximately 183 tons, and reducing electricity usage by approximately 354MWh for the cumulative total over three years from fiscal 2015.

  • *3 Name was changed following the merger on April 1, 2017.

Reduction of Peak Power at Factory

At Yamaha Fine Tech Co., Ltd., power consumption was reduced by efficiently managing air-conditioning and sprinkling water on the factory roof during the period of peak power consumption. In fiscal 2015, a summer system (July-September), whereby the start time is moved two hours ahead to 6:00 a.m., was introduced for the automobile interior parts painting process where the air-conditioning load is high. Through these measures, the peak power point was shifted from 2:00 p.m. to 11:00 a.m. Compared with fiscal 2014, peak power consumption was reduced by approximately 310kWh in the hotter part of the afternoon, and power consumption by 200,000kWh during the three-month period. Moreover, improved labor efficiency enables the company to save electricity by shortening facility operating hours.
We will continue efforts to reduce power consumption through a range of measures, such as reducing the number of air-conditioning and heating units required, by reviewing workplace layout the use of steam during the winter.

Energy Conservation Activities at a Factory in China

Hangzhou Yamaha Musical Instruments Inc. introduced various energy-saving measures that include making technological improvements and enhancing everyday management to suppress growing energy consumption as a result of increased production.
In fiscal 2012, these measures let the factory reduce energy consumption by 15% per unit of sales on a year-on-year basis. Recognizing these efforts to help the environment, Hangzhou City officials presented the company with "Cleaner Production Certification*1" in accordance with China’s Cleaner Production Promotion Law at the end of 2011.
Since then, the company has implemented measures to reduce energy usage as follows:

  • Fiscal 2013: The appropriate operation management of dust collectors
  • Fiscal 2014: Reducing water supply operation times, the strategic use of lighting, and reducing the amount of time lights are used
  • Fiscal 2015: An automatic control system for dust collectors was introduced and digital electricity meters were installed in switchboards to further minimize energy consumption, thereby reducing downtime for machinery at night
  • Fiscal 2016: Sequential shift of electric light to LEDs.
[ image ] Notice board of environmental activities such as those for saving energy
Notice board of environmental activities such as those for saving energy
[ image ] Environmental education for employees
Environmental education for employees

Environmental Initiatives at Resort Facilities

Yamaha Resort Inc. is working to reduce CO2 emissions as follows:

Introduced a means of concentrating on work (Katsuragi Kitanomatru)
Established fixed dates of closure in fiscal 2015. Power consumption reduced approximately 10%.
Reduced power consumption of golf course operations (Katuaragi Golf Club)
Green fan (greens maintenance) and air-conditioning in the facilities were adjusted, resulting in a 25,000kWh drop in power consumption during fiscal 2015, compared to previous fiscal year.
Introduced electric golf carts (Katuaragi Golf Club)
Since fiscal 2009, gasoline-powered golf carts have been replaced with electric models. Completed the changeover in 2013. Eliminated more than 8 tons of CO2 emissions a year.
Changed lighting to LEDs.
Implemented in prioritized areas where business necessitates keeping lighting on, resulting in a yearly reduction of around 20,000 kWh, or roughly 10 tons of CO2.

Initiatives at Offices

Key Measures to Conserve Electricity

Efforts included reducing the amount of lighting (after examination of luminance), introducing LED lighting, turning off advertising lights, suspending elevators and notifying employees of power consumption to raise awareness.

The Move to LED Lighting

The Yamaha Corporation headquarters saved 24,600kWh of power per year by replacing approximately 200 florescent lights and mercury lamps with LED lighting in offices between fiscal 2014 and 2017. In fiscal 2015, the Yamaha Toyooka Factory saved approximately 44,000kWh by changing outside lighting to LEDs. Moreover, in fiscal 2017, 1,100 units of indoor fluorescents lights were changed out to LED lights, resulting in a power savings of approximately 15MWh per year. Further efforts will be taken to systematically install more LED lighting in factories and business sites in the future.

Implemented "Cool Biz" and "Warm Biz" initiatives (since 2005)

Summer (May to October): Encourage light attire such as no necktie and set air conditioning temperature to over 28°C
Winter (November to March): Wear warmer clothes so as not to rely too heavily on heating equipment and set temperature of heaters to under 20°C

[ image ] In-house educational posters promoting the Cool Biz and Warm Biz programs
In-house educational posters promoting the Cool Biz and Warm Biz programs

Participated in the Ministry of the Environment’s Lights Down Campaign (since 2006)

The Yamaha Group’s offices and facilities have participated on an individual basis in the Lights Down Campaign, where businesses turn off illuminated outdoor advertising. The campaign raises awareness of saving electricity and realizing use of daily lighting. Performance in fiscal 2015: 20 facilities conducted and cut back electric power consumption by approximately 2,600kWh while reducing CO2 emissions by approximately 1.0 ton.

Green Eco Curtain Activities (since 2009)

These activities conserve energy and boost awareness in employees by planting "curtains" of morning glories, bitter gourd and other vine-type plants along the windows and walls of the buildings. Every year, approximately 10 business sites in Japan participate in these Green Eco Curtain activities.

[ image ] Green Eco Curtain at Yamaha Corporation’s headquarters office
Green Eco Curtain at Yamaha Corporation’s headquarters office
[ image ] Green Eco Curtain at Yamaha Labor Union office
Green Eco Curtain at Yamaha Labor Union office

Initiatives in Logistics

Saving Electricity and Reducing CO2 Emissions in Logistics

The Yamaha Group is working to increase energy efficiency and reduce CO2 emissions in logistics operations. Guided by a basic policy of raising transport efficiency, we continually review transport routes, adopt routes that incorporate more efficient modes of transport, raise container loading ratios, streamline loading sites and warehouse facilities, and conduct joint transport with other companies. Efforts are also being made to reduce CO2 emissions by disposing of waste locally and switching from air to sea for international shipping.
The Yamaha Group’s total domestic transport volume and CO2 emissions in fiscal 2017 remained about the same compared to the previous fiscal year, reaching 1,891 million ton-kilometers, while CO2 emissions also resulted similar to last year’s figures reaching 2,862 tons.
Reducing CO2 emissions from logistics requires the cooperation of transport companies, so we are working with them to develop appropriate systems by requesting transportation companies we work with to cooperate in environmental efforts and incorporating environmental matters into questionnaires.

Reduced Resources and CO2 Emissions in Piano Frame

Previously, Yamaha used disposable iron packing racks when transporting piano frames from Japan to Hangzhou Yamaha Musical Instruments Co., Ltd. To eliminate this waste, we are gradually introducing returnable packing racks for piano frames that can be used multiple times.
We completed the transition to returnable packing racks for pianos bound for China in fiscal 2012, and for Vietnam-bound pianos in fiscal 2014. Other initiatives included shortening the transportation route and improving load efficiency. These efforts resulted in a 100-ton reduction in CO2 emissions associated with the disposal of iron packing and a 1,600-ton reduction in iron resource consumption for the year. Going forward, we will examine the possibility of shortening transport distance and reducing disposable packing materials, including for parts aside from piano frames.

[ image ] Returnable rack for grand piano frames
Returnable rack for grand piano frames
[ image ] Folded packing rack (when being returned)
Folded packing rack (when being returned)
[ image ] Flow of returnable packing racks in logistics
Flow of returnable packing racks in logistics

Conserving Resources and Reducing CO2 Emissions by Standardizing Packing Materials for Shipping Components and Materials

The Yamaha Group designs and standardizes packing boxes according to container size used in transportation, thereby improves the loading ratio of the container. This has let us reduce the number of containers used and eliminate 3 tons of associated CO2 emissions a year. The Group has also cut down on paper resource usage by designing packaging that uses as little cushioning and other packaging material as possible.
Our assumption is that the supply of materials and components from overseas locations to Japan will increase. Therefore, we first designed the standard packing boxes for piano components that can be used between China and Japan, and we are conducting validation for its practical use.

[ image ] Loading container with packing boxes prior to standardization (left), Loading container using standardized packing boxes (right)
Loading container with packing boxes prior to standardization (left), Loading container using standardized packing boxes (right)