Dr. John

Biography

When a BBC interviewer recently asked Dr. John, "What is the secret to musical longevity?" the legendary New Orleans artist had a ready answer. "Living," he replied. Through more than half a century of music making, Mac Rebennack Jr. has been doing just that as he's rolled with the highs and lows that come with being a working musician, and these days he finds himself in an extended stretch of being in the right place at the right time. Now 65, this American icon, whom fellow legend Jerry Wexler once described as "the blackest white man I know," continues to take all that life has to offer, crisscrossing the country and spanning the globe with his band of virtuosic veterans, the Lower 911, and recording whenever the spirit moves him, which is frequently. More than ever, it seems, Dr. John's head is brimming with ideas.

The latest one, which comes to glorious fruition on the Blue Note album Mercernary, came from his daughter Tina, who pointed out that "Personality," a 1946 hit for Johnny Mercer, would be a perfect fit for her dad's down-home style. In fact, Tina suggested, why not do a whole album of songs written or popularized this giant of American popular music? That got Mac thinking. Mercer was a fellow Southerner and workaholic – the Savannah-born artist wrote the words, music or both to a good 1,500 songs, a remarkable number of them classics, as well as spending decades as a performer. He could relate.

"Personality" was one Mercer-associated standard the great man didn't write himself, although the wry Jimmy Van Heusen lyric was a perfect fit for Mercer's knowing vocal style. "I just loved the way Johnny sold that song," Mac says. "It was so much out of the old burlesque thing, and you could tell he knew that stuff, and he always appeared to me to have that Southern something about him. He just hit the lines in songs that was like the real McGillicuddy. He was a great singer, a great A&R man, a producer, and he even started Capitol Records. So we started looking at some Mercer stuff."

After running the idea past Blue Note and getting an enthusiastic response, Dr. John got down to business, poring over Mercer's massive songbook. "I wanted to pull as many of the ones that people weren't as familiar with, but it was impossible," he says. "One thing about Johnny Mercer's stuff is that even the songs that aren't that well known are well known from something." Rebennack had a handful of songs in mind from the start, including "Blues in the Night," "Lazy Bones," "That Old Black Magic," "Save the Bones for Henry Jones" and "Tangerine," and he looked forward to seeing what would go down when Mercer's perpetually hip material made contact with his own brand of N'Awlins funk – or fonk, as he calls it. As usual, he demo'd up the tunes he'd chosen for his band. "They get what I'm thinking about from that, and then they play it for real," he says.

Sure enough, a chemical reaction immediately occurred in the studio whenever the players – guitarist John Fohl, bassist David Barard and drummer Herman Ernest III – locked in on their leader's line through a given song, sometimes completing the thought, at other times refracting it in provocative ways. Pretty much every track on Mercernary is a first or second take, and in some cases, "We hit it and quit it, and we were on the next song," says Mac. "My band, when they lay this stuff down, it's kickin'. They ain't flapping in the wind." Most of the horn parts, from the likes of trumpeter Charlie Miller, tenor sax man Herbert Hardisty and other renowned Crescent City veterans, were cut in subsequent overdub sessions.

Meanwhile, Dr. John was reading Mercer's autobiography, giving him further insights as well as deepening the sense of kinship he felt with the artist. "Dream," for example, "is a song that Johnny Mercer wrote the words and the music to that is not like Johnny Mercer's music," Rebennack points out. "I like it because it doesn't really fit. That's why I think of him as a mercenary – he was a hustler; he knew how to survive out there. He always wanted to write Broadway shows, but because he wasn't from New York, they wouldn't let him get in the clique. So the next best thing he could make a hustle out of doing was to go to Hollywood and write songs for movies; he had some success doing that. But it was always kind of sliding on a Tin Pan Alley guy's coattails, whether it was Harold Arlen or, later, Henry Mancini. I love going from 'I'm an Old Cow Hand' into 'Dream' on the record, because that's what a real hustler of a songwriter can do – he can dream up some stuff and write a song quick. I do this – and appreciate Johnny Mercer for being able to do that."

What Rebennack didn't want to do was anything obvious. On "Dream," he was determined that it not "sound like your regulation VFW hall geriatric-squad dance," while he wanted to take the ubiquitous "Moon River" "to the Johnny Mercer area," he says. "Henry Mancini wrote the hell out of the changes on that, and I used to love the Jerry Butler version, and I was just trying to keep it way away from all of that." Mac says he had no intention of covering "Moon River" until he discovered that an eight-bar intro he'd composed for another song fit beautifully into the middle of the Mancini-Mercer standard, so he went for it. "That just shows you how the accidentalness of this record transpired," he points out. "We just cut the thing, and it feels real organic."

One of the biggest challenges Dr. John faced was coming up with an original that would both sum up the album's personality and sit comfortably among his interpretations of Mercer's songs. "My tribute to Johnny Mercer," he says, "is 'I Ain't No Johnny Mercer,' which I ain't. But I took a lot of words from a lot of his songs that I would have never thought to use. I never in my life would've thought to use a word like 'apoplexy' in a song. I took some lines from 'Pardon My Southern Accent' and messed that up, too. Even took my favorite word he used in 'Moon River' – 'my huckleberry friend." But what I tried to do was take some Johnny Mercerisms, and just do them the way I would do them to make a little riff at Johnny, with him and about myself. I figured if I'm coppin' on Johnny Mercer, I might as well cop on myself while I'm doing it. I may not be as good of a mercenary as Johnny Mercer was, but, whatever way you wanna break it down, I'm a mercenary in my own right."

Mercernary was recorded at New Orleans' Piety Street Studio in the spring of 2005, a few months before Hurricane Katrina hit. The facility, located in the Bywater (once referred to by locals as the Upper Ninth Ward), escaped serious damage, and it's back in business now. Despite these and other pockets of activity, says Rebennack, "Every time I go back, I get weirded out by how little or nothing is going on. Sippiana Hericane [an EP he recorded and released last fall in response to the devastation of Katrina] was a labor of shock. This record was a regulation recording, and I hope it'll do something in some way to help New Orleans." Sippiana Hericane was released on Blue Note Records November 2005, with all proceeds from CD sales divided equally between three charities – New Orleans Musicians Clinic, the Jazz Foundation of America and the Voice of the Wetlands.

Ultimately, then, Mercernary honors not only the great American songwriter/performer whose music provides its content but also the great American city in which it was created. Every note played by Dr. John and his fellow musicians is the sound of living New Orleans. May they keep on keepin' on.

Dr. John, or Mac Rebennack as known to friends and family, is universally celebrated as the living embodiment of the rich musical heritage exclusive to New Orleans. His very colorful musical career began in the 1950s when he wrote and played guitar on some of the greatest records to come out of the Crescent City, including recordings by Professor Longhair, Art Neville, Joe Tex and Frankie Ford. A notorious gun incident forced the artist to give up the guitar and concentrate on organ and piano. Further trouble at home sent Dr. John west in the 1960s, where he continued to be in demand as a session musician, playing on records by Sonny and Cher, Van Morrison and Aretha Franklin to name a few. He also launched his solo career, developing the charismatic persona of Dr. John The Night Tripper. Adorned with voodoo charms and regalia, a legend was born with his breakthrough 1968 album Gris-gris, which established his unique blend of voodoo mysticism, funk, rhythm & blues, psychedelic rock and Creole roots.

Several of his many career highlights include the masterful album Sun, Moon and Herbs in 1971 which included cameos from Eric Clapton and Mick Jagger and 1973's In The Right Place, which contained the chart hits "Right Place Wrong Time" and "Such A Night." Dr. John garnered Grammy award wins in 1989, 1992, 1996 and 2000. He has also received five other nominations over the years. In 2004, his musical love letter to the city of New Orleans, "N'awlinz Dis Dat or D'udda," was awarded the prestigious Académie Charles Cros 57ème Palmarès award in France. It was the first time since the 1970s that an artist from North America received the award. After a half century of creating music for others and himself, Dr. John continues to write, arrange, produce and interpret with a passion that has yet to wane. He also continues to dazzle and delight audiences across the globe touring consistently. As a true living legend, Mac "Dr. John" Rebennack will always be a musician who never ceases to explore the endless possibilities that music presents.

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