(Environmental Accounting)Yamaha Group
Yamaha Corporation introduced environmental accounting in 1999 as a means of quantitatively evaluating the effectiveness of its environmental conservation activities. These environmental accounting practices were then implemented at Yamaha Group manufacturing companies and resort facilities in Japan, and since fiscal 2004 they have also been implemented at some overseas Group production sites. The Yamaha Group will continue to gradually expand these practices to other overseas Group companies.
Yamaha Group (Yamaha Corporation and Group Production Companies in Japan)
Group's environmental equipment investment in fiscal 2011 increased by ¥85 million to ¥165 million.
Principal investments were for utility refinement due to factory integration and effluent treatment facilities upgrades.
|Environmental Expenses||(million yen)|
|Business area costs||Pollution prevention||Prevention of air, water and soil pollution, etc.||90.2||335.6|
|Energy conservation, etc.||Prevention of global warming, protection of the ozone layer, etc.||53.2||61.0|
|Waste, etc.||Waste recycling, resource saving, conservation of water, etc.||6.6||372.2|
|Upstream/downstream costs||Recycling of products, improvements in logistics, etc.||0.4||70.3|
|Management costs||Environmental education, ISO 14001, greening of premises, etc.||14.1||313.2|
|Research and development costs||Development of environmentally friendly products, prototypes, etc.||-||143.1|
|Social activity costs||Social contributions, etc||0.0||32.6|
|Environmental damage costs||Groundwater purification, SOx levies, etc.||0.6||17.7|
|( ) Indicates comparison with the previous year|
- *1 Equipment investment refers to investment in factories and equipment made for environmental conservation objectives. The figure is calculated by multiplying the purchase price of individual pieces of equipment by a figure determined by the proportion of the environmental conservation purpose to the whole purpose of the purchase of such equipment (e.g., 0.1, 0.5, 1.0).
- *2 Expenses refer to personnel and other costs expended for environmental conservation activities. Personnel expenses are calculated by multiplying the time spent on environmental conservation activities determined by the manager of each department by a common unit cost of personnel expenses set in each company. Costs are determined by multiplying the amounts paid externally by a certain figure calculated using a proportional distribution method as in the case of investment amounts (e.g., 0.1, 0.5, 1.0). Depreciation costs are not included.
(Data from past fiscal years has been recalculated. The graph shows the revised values.)
1. Environmental Conservation Effects
The Yamaha Group's CO2 emissions fell by 1,000 tons compared with the previous fiscal year to 62,700 tons.
Water usage declined by 40,000 m3 year on year to 1,320,000 m3. As a result of the Yamaha Group's efforts to achieve the target of Zero Emissions through reuse of resources and other measures, final disposal at landfills was 4.9 tons, down by 2.8 tons from the previous fiscal year. Emissions of chemical substances increased by 4 tons to 56 tons.
|Environmental Conservation Effects|
|Greenhouse gas emissions||10,000tons-CO2||0.75||0.69||0.06|
|Waste treated or disposed of||tons||7.7||4.9||2.8|
|Chemical substances released*3||tons||52||56||-4|
|CFC substitutes emissions||tons||0.0||0.0||0.0|
- *3 “Chemical substances” refers to those substances subject to the PRTR Law that the Yamaha Group in Japan uses.
2. Economic Effects
Electricity and heating costs increased by roughly ¥92 million to ¥2,211 million compared with the previous fiscal year. Water costs remained ¥18 million as unchanged from the previous year, and sewerage costs increased by ¥2 million to ¥32 million.
As a result of the conversion of waste to valuable materials, the Group gained ¥312 million in income from the sale of valuable materials, resulting in a total economic effect of ¥245 million.
All figures presented are actual figures from the accounting register, and include no estimates.
|Economic Effects||(million yen)|
|Electricity and heating costs||2,119||2,211||-92|
|Waste disposal costs||194||167||27|
|Income from sales of valuable wastes||250||312||312|