(Environmental Accounting)Yamaha Group
Yamaha Corporation introduced environmental accounting in fiscal 1999 as a means of quantitatively evaluating the effectiveness of its environmental conservation activities. These environmental accounting practices were then implemented at Yamaha Group manufacturing companies and resort facilities in Japan, and since fiscal 2004 they have also been implemented at some overseas Group production sites.
Yamaha Group (Yamaha Corporation and Group Production Companies in Japan)
The Yamaha Group's environmental equipment investment in fiscal 2012 decreased by ¥15 million to ¥150 million.
Principal investments were for effluent treatment facilities upgrades and other utility refinement.
|Environmental Expenses||(million yen)|
|Business area costs||Pollution prevention||Prevention of air, water and soil pollution, etc.||101.4||239.9|
|Energy conservation, etc.||Prevention of global warming, protection of the ozone layer, etc.||40.2||70.5|
|Waste, etc.||Waste recycling, resource saving, conservation of water, etc.||5.0||334.2|
|Upstream/downstream costs||Recycling of products, improvements in logistics, etc.||0.7||64.0|
|Management costs||Environmental education, ISO 14001, greening of premises, etc.||2.2||331.6|
|Research and development costs||Development of environmentally friendly products, prototypes, etc.||-||128.2|
|Social activity costs||Social contributions, etc||0.0||20.2|
|Environmental damage costs||Groundwater purification, SOx levies, etc.||0.3||12.4|
|( ) Indicates comparison with the previous year|
- *1 Equipment investment refers to investment in factories and equipment made for environmental conservation objectives. The figure is calculated by multiplying the purchase price of individual pieces of equipment by a figure determined by the proportion of the environmental conservation purpose to the whole purpose of the purchase of such equipment (e.g., 0.1, 0.5, 1.0).
- *2 Expenses refer to personnel and other costs expended for environmental conservation activities. Personnel expenses are calculated by multiplying the time spent on environmental conservation activities determined by the manager of each department by a common unit cost of personnel expenses set in each company. Costs are determined by multiplying the amounts paid externally by a certain figure calculated using a proportional distribution method as in the case of investment amounts (e.g., 0.1, 0.5, 1.0). Depreciation costs are not included.
1. Environmental Conservation Effects
The Yamaha Group's CO2 emissions fell by 1,600 tons compared with the previous fiscal year to 61,100 tons.
Water usage increased by 20,000 m3 year on year to 1,340,000 m3.
As a result of the Yamaha Group's efforts to achieve the target of Zero Emissions through reuse of resources and other measures, final disposal at landfills was 13.5 tons, up by 8.7 tons from the previous fiscal year. Emissions of chemical substances decreased by 11 tons to 45 tons.
|Environmental Conservation Effects|
|Greenhouse gas emissions||10,000tons-CO2||0.69||0.74||-0.05|
|Waste treated or disposed of||tons||4.8||13.5||-8.7|
|Chemical substances released*3||tons||56||45||11|
|CFC substitutes emissions||tons||0.0||0.0||0.0|
- *3 “Chemical substances” refers to those substances subject to the PRTR Law that the Yamaha Group in Japan uses.
2. Economic Effects
Electricity and heating costs increased by roughly ¥92 million to ¥2,330 million compared with the previous fiscal year. Water costs remained ¥18 million as unchanged from the previous year, and sewerage costs decreased by ¥2 million to ¥30 million. Waste treatment costs decreased by approximately ¥20 million to ¥147 million.
As a result of the conversion of waste to valuable materials, the Group gained ¥255 million in income from the sale of valuable materials, resulting in a total economic effect of ¥185 million.
All figures presented are actual figures from the accounting register, and include no estimates.
|Economic Effects||(million yen)|
|Electricity and heating costs||2,211||2,303||-92|
|Waste disposal costs||167||147||20|
|Income from sales of valuable wastes||167||255||255|