Environmental Risk Management
Scheduled Monitoring and Compliance with Environmental Laws
The goals of the Yamaha Group include reducing the environmental impact of our business activities and ensuring compliance with environmental laws. We regularly monitor emissions, wastewater, noise, odors, and other byproducts of our activities at each of our places of business, confirming our management status and strictly assessing compliance.
We perform our monitoring activities according to the annual plan made by Yamaha Corporation's environmental department and the management of each business location. Monitoring activities are performed by the departments in charge of environmental measurements at each location.
We assess our monitoring results according to our own standards, which exceed existing legal standards. In the event that measurements exceed standards or are unusual in some way, we take immediate emergency measures and initiate corrective actions, doing our utmost to prevent environmental contamination.
Based on the ISO14001 integrated management system, the entire Yamaha Group collects the latest legal and regulatory information, disseminating the information throughout each relevant Group location to ensure the consistent compliance for the Group as a whole.
In fiscal 2012, based on revisions to the Water Quality Pollution Control Act, Yamaha Corporation's environment department and the administration departments of each business location teamed up to conduct a survey of designated facilities for storing and using harmful substances. A report was made based on the legislation and an examination was made of the method for regular inspection, among other areas.
The newly established Working Group for Risk Reduction will systematically examine risk reduction in environmental facilities.
Taking environmental measurements
The Yamaha Group conducts internal environmental audits according to the ISO14001 integrated management system. We also conduct Group-wide environmental audits to prevent environmental accidents or violations of law. These activities serve to reduce our environmental risk as a corporate group.
The Yamaha Corporation Environment & Facilities Administration Department conducts these audits, using audit staff who have skills and expertise in environmental preservation. In addition to certification as an internal environmental auditor based on ISO standards, Yamaha audit staff have also received official Pollution Control Manager, Working Environment Measurement Expert and other relevant certifications.
We conducted environmental audits at three domestic factories during fiscal 2010, two domestic factories and one factory in Indonesia in fiscal 2011, and two domestic factories (Yamaha Kagoshima Semiconductor Inc. and Sakuraba Mokuzai Co., Ltd.) and P.T. Yamaha Music Indonesia and P.T. Yamaha Music Manufacturing Asia in Indonesia in fiscal 2012. We did not note any significant risks or non-compliance in the process of checking our environmental facilities management, legal compliance and waste management at the locations noted above. However, we did offer guidance and suggestions for improvements to reduce the level of risk to as close to zero as possible.
Conducting an environmental audit
During fiscal 2012, the Yamaha Group did not violate any laws, receive fines, pay fees, or be named in any lawsuits with respect to environmental concerns. The Yamaha Group did not experience any accidents having an effect on the outside environment, nor did we receive any significant complaints.
Emergency Response and Training
The Yamaha Group is working to prevent environmental pollution caused by the leak of harmful substances and oils from business locations by assuming emergency situations.
In light of the integration of ISO 14001 certification for environmental management systems at all production sites in Japan, Yamaha started integrating risk assessment standards related to emergency situations across the Group in fiscal 2011 and has been uncovering latent risk through repeated on-site studies. As a result, the Yamaha Group is striving to prevent accidents during assumed emergency situations at business locations. Each site has put procedures, equipment and tools in place to respond to such emergency situations should they occur and is conducting emergency response training.
Emergency response training at the Toyooka Factory
Soil/Groundwater Cleanup and Management
During fiscal 1997, the Yamaha Group conducted a soil and groundwater survey at all Group manufacturing facilities. We confirmed contamination due to chlorine-based organic solvents at two locations.
Having initiated cleanup measures based on these findings, we completed groundwater cleanup at the Yamaha Corporation Toyooka Factory at the end of fiscal 2008. We reported our status to the prefecture authorities and held a meeting with the local citizens. The Yamaha Headquarters Factory has been restored to near-standard levels, and we continue cleanup activities at present.
We completed cleanup activities at all locations with confirmed soil contamination during fiscal 2000.
Groundwater purification equipment at the Headquarters Factory
In fiscal 2011, as a result of soil and groundwater surveys on the premises of Yamaha Corporation's Shinzu factory (Hamamatsu, Shizuoka Prefecture) in line with the end of business, it was found that part of the soil was contaminated with volatile organic compounds and heavy metals. The data was released on the Yamaha website and steps were taken to purify the soil through excavation and removal. Purification was completed in June 2012 and the site was delisted as a zone requiring remediation.
Results of a survey of soil and groundwater conducted in fiscal 2012 at Yamaha Corporation's Saitama Factory (Fujimino City, Saitama Pref.) after that facility was taken out of service showed that contamination from heavy metals was found to be present in part of the soil and groundwater on the premises. However, it was also confirmed that the contamination did not extend to the perimeter of the premises where the groundwater flows while Saitama Prefecture officials confirmed through a survey that no contamination was found in the well for drinking water near the facility. As a result, it is believed that the contamination has not impacted the groundwater outside the premises. Yamaha will continue with water purification measures going forward. Yamaha reported the situation to the relevant authorities, provided an explanation to residents in the area and put out a news release in order to ensure appropriate disclosure.
Protecting the Ozone Layer
The Yamaha Group has historically worked to reduce usage of fluorocarbons to protect the ozone layer. We eliminated the use of all chlorofluorocarbons (CFC) in our manufacturing processes during fiscal 1993. After 1993, we used hydrocholorofluorocarbons (HCFC) as cleaning agents in the degreasing process for metal materials. Compared to CFCs, HCFCs have a smaller impact on ozone layer destruction. However, we also eliminated the use of all HCFCs during fiscal 2005. As of the end of fiscal 2005, we use no CFCs or HCFCs in our manufacturing process.